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Rem: Revista Escola de Minas

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MARQUES, Diego Machado; RUBIO, Ricardo Hundelshaussen; COSTA, João Felipe Coimbra Leite  and  SILVA, Evangelina Maria Apparicio da. The effect of accumulation in 2D estimates in phosphatic ore. Rem: Rev. Esc. Minas [online]. 2014, vol.67, n.4, pp.431-437. ISSN 0370-4467.

The geological modeling of stratiform deposits can become very complex, often making use of geological envelopes of small thickness and requiring the use of subblocks (based on Cartesian coordinates) to produce a coherent block model. However, geological events after the formation of the deposit (folds, faults, etc.) can change the direction of spatial continuity of certain attributes, with the mixing of samples belonging to different formation eras (in the case of stratiform deposits) in the same elevation. This study presents a solution for deposits with stratigraphic grades combined with samples of different origins. The solution is a two-dimensional estimate obtained by accumulating the thicknesses of P2O5 in a phosphate deposit (as compared to traditional statistical analysis in three dimensions).

Keywords : accumulation; ordinary kriging; phosphate.

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