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Revista Brasileira de Educação Especial

Print version ISSN 1413-6538On-line version ISSN 1980-5470

Abstract

SPINAZOLA, Cariza de Cássia; CIA, Fabiana; AZEVEDO, Tássia Lopes de  and  GUALDA, Danielli Silva. Children with Physical Disability, Down Syndrome and Autism: Comparison of Family Characteristics in the Maternal Perspective in Brazilian Reality. Rev. bras. educ. espec. [online]. 2018, vol.24, n.2, pp.199-216. ISSN 1980-5470.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1413-65382418000200004.

This study aimed to identify and compare the family needs and social support of families of children with physical disability, Down Syndrome and Autism from the perspective of the mothers. A total of 60 mothers of children with disability ranging from 7 months to 6 years of age participated and were divided into three groups: G1 (PD) consisting of 20 mothers of children with physical disability, G2 (DS) consisting of 20 mothers of children with Down Syndrome and G3 (A) made up of 20 mothers of children with Autism. Data collection took place in the mothers’ homes and/or on the premises of a university. The instruments used for evaluative measures were: the Family Needs Questionnaire (FNQ) and the Social Support Questionnaire (SSQ). Data analysis was performed by the mean and standard deviation. A t-test was performed to compare the groups. As for results, related to the needs, significant statistical differences were identified, as follows: G1 presented significant differences in relation to G2 and G3 with regard to financial needs. G2 in relation to the needs of support and functioning of family life and G3 with regard to explaining the situation of the child and child development. Regarding social support, G2 presented a greater number of supportive people, followed by G3 and G1, but G1 was more satisfied with the type of support received. It was concluded that the study may contribute to the knowledge of the main needs and support that families of children with different disabilities have.

Keywords : Special education; Disability; Family; Mothers.

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