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Psico-USF

versão On-line ISSN 2175-3563

Resumo

CAIRES, Susana; ESTEVES, Carla Hiolanda; CORREIA, Susana  e  ALMEIDA, Isabel. Hospital clowns as a strategy for the mitigation of childhood hospitalization experience. Psico-USF [online]. 2014, vol.19, n.3, pp.377-386. ISSN 2175-3563.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1413-82712014019003001.

Pediatric hospitalization may represent a significant event in the life of children and their families due to the uprooting of their contexts and routines, and the immersion in a strange and threatening environment. Seeking to minimize the impact of this experience, various ludic approaches emerged in pediatrics, namely the hospital clowns. Assuming that, even in the hospital, the child carries an essence that wants to play, the clowns' mission is to rescue it. This manuscript presents the staff's expectations regarding the (dis)advantages of clowning in their unit (n=34), a month before starting intervention. Results reveal an expressive opening regarding the clowns' presence, pointing them as potential buffers of the emotional impact of hospitalization and treatments on children, and contributing to the humanization of care and demystification of health staff. Regarding setbacks, participants mentioned the children's fear of clowns and the perception - by adolescents - of their presence as childish.

Palavras-chave : Pediatrics; Hospital clowns; Play.

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