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Cadernos Saúde Coletiva

versão impressa ISSN 1414-462Xversão On-line ISSN 2358-291X

Resumo

SOUSA, Carolina Rodrigues de Oliveira et al. School evasion predictive factors among adolescents with pregnancy experience. Cad. saúde colet. [online]. 2018, vol.26, n.2, pp.160-169. ISSN 2358-291X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1414-462x201800020461.

Background

Formal education is considered a protective factor because of the social inclusion it promotes and because the permanence of the young in school reduces the risk of early motherhood, which leads to associate adolescent gestation to school dropout.

Objective

Analyze the predictive factors of school dropout among adolescents with pregnancy experience in Teresina, Piaui state, Brazil.

Method

Cross-sectional study with convenience sampling conducted with young women who completed pregnancy in the first four months of 2006, when they were between 15 and 19 years of age. Data were assessed by multivariate analysis using binomial logistic regression to calculate adjusted Odds Ratio (ORaj) and 95% confidence intervals (95% CI).

Results

94.4% of the adolescents reported having interrupted their studies some time in their lives, with 54.4% of them being definite dropouts. Young women who had recurrent pregnancies and had a job were more likely to drop out, and living with a family income of up to one minimum wage increased their chances of dropping out in three times. The dropout period was presented as a protection factor.

Conclusion

School dropout rate among young mothers is strongly associated with unfavorable socioeconomic factors, and policies that encourage continuity of education and consequent insertion in the labor market are considered essential, favoring better income, less financial dependence, and fewer early and unplanned pregnancies.

Palavras-chave : pregnancy; adolescence; schooling.

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