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Cadernos Saúde Coletiva

versão impressa ISSN 1414-462Xversão On-line ISSN 2358-291X

Resumo

BALDISSEROTTO, Julio; FERREIRA, Alexandre Moreira  e  WARMLING, Cristine Maria. Oral health status of the guarani indigenous population living in southern Brazil. Cad. saúde colet. [online]. 2019, vol.27, n.4, pp.468-475.  Epub 25-Nov-2019. ISSN 2358-291X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1414-462x201900040354.

Background

The oral health of Brazilian indigenous population has been historically neglected. Recently special attention started through a National Indigenous Oral Health Policy. However, little is known about the epidemiological oral data of these populations, especially in the south of Brazil.

Objective

To investigate the oral health status of the Guarani Indigenous.

Method

A cross-sectional study was carried out in 19 villages, totaling 203 subjects. WHO research methods were used.

Results

The mean DMFT at 12 and 15-19 years was 1.3 and 3.4, respectively. In adults, mean of 11.55 being the component lost (P) 69.3%. Among the elderly, a DMFT of 18.6. The DMF-T was significantly higher in females (p < 0.05) at 5 years. The presence of dental calculus was the most prevalent periodontal condition at all ages. 91% of the children had a normal occlusion pattern. Acceptable standards of fluorosis were found in 91.4% between 15 and 19 years. Oral hygiene and use of fluoride paste were reported by 95%.

Conclusion

The mean DMFT at different ages is lower in the Guarani people than in the general population. The access to oral hygiene items and access to health services may explain some of these results. Epidemiological data is fundamental for planning future actions for this population.

Palavras-chave : health of indigenous people; oral health; DMF index; epidemiology; dental caries.

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