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Escola Anna Nery

Print version ISSN 1414-8145On-line version ISSN 2177-9465


MARTINS, Lágila Cristina Nogueira et al. Sociodemographic factors and nursing diagnoses in patients undergoing orthopedic surgeries. Esc. Anna Nery [online]. 2020, vol.24, n.3, e20190292.  Epub May 29, 2020. ISSN 2177-9465.


To identify the most frequent nursing diagnoses and verify their associations with sociodemographic factors in patients undergoing orthopedic surgeries.


Observational, analytical and cross-sectional study, developed in the orthopedics unit of a teaching hospital. For data collection we used structured instruments, anamnesis and physical examination. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences program.


Of the 201 patients evaluated, 68.2% were men. The most frequent nursing diagnoses were: risk of infection (100%), impaired skin integrity (100%), impaired tissue integrity (97.5%), bathing self-care deficit (90.5%), acute pain (80.6%), risk of falls (76.6%) and anxiety (70%). Associations were found between acute pain and participation in family income and between self-care deficit for bathing and marital status.

Conclusion and Implications for practice

The analysis of the sociodemographic profile of a population favors the planning of safe care and decision making based on scientific evidence. Minimize potential complications, promote the appropriation of nursing diagnoses, improve the quality of care, reduce operating costs for healthcare institutions, and promote patient safety.

Keywords : Nursing Diagnosis; Nursing Process; Nursing; Orthopedics.

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