SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.24 issue3Freedom of being yourself: experiences of adolescents with chronic skin diseases at a campDevelopment of cognitive and motor stimulation activities: perspective of institutionalized elderly author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Escola Anna Nery

Print version ISSN 1414-8145On-line version ISSN 2177-9465

Abstract

MARTINS, Lágila Cristina Nogueira et al. Sociodemographic factors and nursing diagnoses in patients undergoing orthopedic surgeries. Esc. Anna Nery [online]. 2020, vol.24, n.3, e20190292.  Epub May 29, 2020. ISSN 2177-9465.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/2177-9465-ean-2019-0292.

Objective

To identify the most frequent nursing diagnoses and verify their associations with sociodemographic factors in patients undergoing orthopedic surgeries.

Method

Observational, analytical and cross-sectional study, developed in the orthopedics unit of a teaching hospital. For data collection we used structured instruments, anamnesis and physical examination. Data were analyzed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences program.

Results

Of the 201 patients evaluated, 68.2% were men. The most frequent nursing diagnoses were: risk of infection (100%), impaired skin integrity (100%), impaired tissue integrity (97.5%), bathing self-care deficit (90.5%), acute pain (80.6%), risk of falls (76.6%) and anxiety (70%). Associations were found between acute pain and participation in family income and between self-care deficit for bathing and marital status.

Conclusion and Implications for practice

The analysis of the sociodemographic profile of a population favors the planning of safe care and decision making based on scientific evidence. Minimize potential complications, promote the appropriation of nursing diagnoses, improve the quality of care, reduce operating costs for healthcare institutions, and promote patient safety.

Keywords : Nursing Diagnosis; Nursing Process; Nursing; Orthopedics.

        · abstract in Portuguese | Spanish     · text in English | Portuguese     · English ( pdf ) | Portuguese ( pdf )