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Genetics and Molecular Biology

Print version ISSN 1415-4757On-line version ISSN 1678-4685

Abstract

QUEIROZ, Marisa V. de; PIZZIRANI-KLEINER, Aline Aparecida  and  AZEVEDO, João Lúcio. Electrophoretic characterization of Aspergillus nidulans strains with chromosomal duplications. Genet. Mol. Biol. [online]. 2000, vol.23, n.2, pp.293-297. ISSN 1678-4685.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1415-47572000000200009.

Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis was used to characterize strains of Aspergillus nidulans with a chromosomal duplication Dp(I-II). Morphologically deteriorated and improved variants of these strains were also analyzed. The electrophoretic karyotype demonstrated that in two duplicated strains (A and B) the 4.2 Mb band, which corresponds to chromosome II, was absent and a new band was observed. Hybridization studies using the uapA (chromosome I) and wA (chromosome II) genes demonstrated that the new band corresponded to chromosome II plus the duplicated segment of chromosome I. The size of the chromosomal duplication was approximately 1.0 Mb. Analysis of the chromosomal bands of a morphologically improved strain showed that the duplicated segment of chromosome I was completely lost. The morphologically deteriorated variants V9 and V17 had the same karyotype as the duplicated strains. However, the deteriorated variant V5 lost part of chromosome I and had a rearrangement involving chromosome V. This rearrangement may have resulted from the mutagenic treatment used to obtain the genetic markers. Pulsed-field gel electrophoresis was found to be an excellent tool for locating chromosomal rearrangements.

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