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Revista de Nutrição

versão On-line ISSN 1678-9865

Resumo

FERNANDES, Ema Cândida Branco; CASTRO, Teresa Gontijo de  e  SARTORELLI, Daniela Saes. Associated factors of malnutrition among African children under five years old, Bom Jesus, Angola. Rev. Nutr. [online]. 2017, vol.30, n.1, pp.33-44. ISSN 1678-9865.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1678-98652017000100004.

Objective:

To identify the determinants of wasting and stunting in children under five years old in the commune of Bom Jesus, Angola

Methods:

A population-based cross-sectional study was conducted with 742 children in 2010, and nutritional deficits were defined by World Health Organization criteria. Prevalence ratios and associated factors of wasting and stunting were estimated using Poisson regression with robust variance, using a conceptual hierarchical model

Results:

For both deficits, there were significant differences in the prevalence ratios according to the children's neighborhood and age. Boys and those children living in households whose water supply came from the river or lake, as well those with recent expulsion of parasites and infections were more likely to present stunting. Children of fathers with higher number of children or that which the fathers were not living at home and whose mothers were 25-34 years old were less likely to have wasting

Conclusion:

It was identified independent variables from different levels of determination of malnutrition, standing out the basic sanitation conditions and family structure as important predictors of the nutritional deficits. The knowledge of the associated factors of malnutrition may contribute for subside public policies in planning interventions to improve the childhood nutrition status in Bom Jesus and communes with similar characteristics in Angola.

Palavras-chave : Angola; Anthropometry; Child health; Malnutrition.

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