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Revista de Nutrição

versão impressa ISSN 1415-5273versão On-line ISSN 1678-9865

Resumo

LUSTOSA, Larissa Carvalho Ribeiro de Sá et al. Metabolic syndrome in adolescents and its association with diet quality. Rev. Nutr. [online]. 2019, vol.32, e180004.  Epub 17-Out-2019. ISSN 1678-9865.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1678-9865201932e190004.

Objective

Analyzing the prevalence of metabolic syndrome and its association with adolescent diet quality.

Methods

Cross-sectional research with 327 adolescents from public and private high schools of Teresina, Piauí. Socioeconomic, anthropometric, and food consumption data were analyzed to obtain the Brazilian Healthy Eating Index-Revised. Moreover, data related to metabolic syndrome (blood glucose, blood pressure, waist circumference, triglycerides, and high-density lipoprotein cholesterol) were also analyzed. Continuous variables were described by means, standard deviations, and 95% confi dence intervals. To verify the association between dependent and explanatory variables, we calculated the adjusted odds ratio. The level of signifi cance was set at p<0.05.

Results

The prevalence of metabolic syndrome was 3.3%, with low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol concentration being the most frequent alteration (50.5%). The mean score on the Brazilian Healthy Eating Index-Revised was 55.4 points. The worst scores were obtained in whole cereals, dark-green and orange vegetables, oils, milk and dairy products, and whole fruits. In contrast, total cereals, meat, eggs, and legumes had scores close to the maximum stipulated. The lowest tertile of dark-green, orange, and leguminous vegetables showed risk for low high-density lipoprotein cholesterol, and the second tertile was protective against high blood glucose levels. As for the milk group, its lower intake increased the chances for high triglyceride and blood pressure levels.

Conclusion

Despite the low prevalence of metabolic syndrome, there were significant alterations in its components,associated with less consumption of important Brazilian Healthy Eating Index-Revised items.

Palavras-chave : Adolescents; Food consumption; Metabolic syndrome.

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