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Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia

On-line version ISSN 1980-5497

Abstract

SANTOS, Franco Andrius Ache dos; SOUZA, Juliana Barcellos de; ANTES, Danielle Ledur  and  D'ORSI, Eleonora. Prevalence of chronic pain and its association with the sociodemographic situation and physical activity in leisure of elderly in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina: population-based study. Rev. bras. epidemiol. [online]. 2015, vol.18, n.1, pp.234-247. ISSN 1980-5497.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-5497201500010018.

OBJECTIVE:

To estimate the prevalence of chronic pain and its association with socioeconomic and demographic status, and leisure physical activity in the elderly population.

METHODS:

This study is part of an epidemiological cross-sectional population-based household survey called EpiFloripa Elderly 2009-2010, which was conducted with 1,705 elderly individuals (≥ 60 years) residents of Florianópolis, Santa Catarina. From the positive response to chronic pain, the associations with the variables were investigated through a structured interview. Descriptive statistics were conducted, including ratio calculation and 95% confidence intervals. In crude and adjusted analysis, Poisson regression was utilized, estimating prevalence ratios, with 95% confidence intervals and ≤ 0.05 p-values.

RESULTS:

Among the subjects, 29.3% (IC95% 26.5 - 32.2) reported chronic pain. Adjusted analysis showed that being female, having less years of schooling, and being in worse economic situation were significantly associated with a higher prevalence of chronic pain. Being physically active during leisure time was significantly associated with lower prevalence of the outcome.

CONCLUSIONS:

Therefore, it is clear that chronic pain affects a considerable amount of elderly individuals. Social inequalities are a harmful influence in these individuals' quality of life, inasmuch as those inequalities increase the frequency with which chronic pain afflicts them. At the same time, physical activity during leisure time decreases chronic pain frequency. It is fundamental that public health policies subsidize multidisciplinary pain management programs, which should include health targeted physical activity for the elderly, thus preventing the decrease in quality of life that chronic pain brings to this population.

Keywords : Prevalence; Chronic pain; Socioeconomic factors; Motor activity; Aged; Cross-sectional studies.

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