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Revista Brasileira de Epidemiologia

versão impressa ISSN 1415-790Xversão On-line ISSN 1980-5497

Resumo

ARAUJO, Thiago Santos de et al. Child undernutrition in one of the cities with greater nutritional risk in Brazil: population-based study in the Western Brazilian Amazon. Rev. bras. epidemiol. [online]. 2016, vol.19, n.3, pp.554-566. ISSN 1980-5497.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1980-5497201600030007.

Objective:

To estimate the prevalence of child undernutrition and associated factors in a municipality with high nutritional risk in Brazil.

Methods:

This cross-sectional, population-based study was conducted with a sample of 478 children aged under 5 years in the city of Jordão, Acre, Brazil. The following indicators were calculated: weight for age (W/A), height for age (H/A), and weight for height (W/H), using the growth curves of the WHO as reference, which adopts a cutoff of -2 z scores for identification of malnourished children. Adjusted prevalence ratios (PRs) were obtained using multiple Poisson regression models with robust error estimate (p < 0.05).

Results:

A high prevalence of stunting (35.8%) was observed. Children with indigenous ancestry living in rural areas showed the highest prevalence of malnutrition (59.4%). After controlling for age, gender, and indigenous ancestry, the factors associated with stunting risk were: living in rural area (PR = 1.6; 95%CI 1.2 - 2.1); lower tertile of household wealth index (PR = 1.6; 95%CI 1.1 - 2.3); living in houses made of walking palm (PR = 1.6; 95%CI 1.1 - 2.4); maternal height less than or equal to 146.4 cm (PR = 3.1; 95%CI 1.9 - 5.0); and history of introduction of cow's milk before 30 days of age (PR = 1.4; 95%CI 1.0 - 1.8). Children with updated vaccination cards were inversely associated with stunting risk (PR = 0.7; 95%CI 0.5 - 0.9).

Conclusion:

Child undernutrition remains a serious public health problem in the Amazon, indicating additional difficulties in facing the problem in this region of the country.

Palavras-chave : Malnutrition; Rural population; Nutritional status; Child health; Nutritional epidemiology; Minority health.

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