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Revista de Economia Contemporânea

versão On-line ISSN 1980-5527

Resumo

GALVAO, Olímpio J. de Arroxelas. Globalization and changes in the spatial configuration of the world economy: an overview of the last decades. Rev. econ. contemp. [online]. 2007, vol.11, n.1, pp.61-97. ISSN 1980-5527.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1415-98482007000100003.

This paper analyses some world macro scenarios in the last decades, pointing out the most recent trends, the risks, the challenges and opportunities which the world as a whole faces in the next years. The work shows that in the last decades the distance between the rich and the poor countries increased dramatically, but that the performance of the world economy exhibited an extremely unequal behavior, from the geographic perspective. Whereas the South and the East Asia regions presented extraordinary dynamic performance, most of the other developing areas, and very particularly Subsahara Africa, the ex-communist European countries and Latin America, experimented mediocre growth rates. With such recent patterns the world economy would be going through big changes in the spatial configuration of its production, altering the equilibrium of the global economic forces and creating a new geography of power. In the end of the work a counterpoint is made as far as Brazil is concerned.

Palavras-chave : globalization and world macro scenarios; Brazil [China and India]; changes in the world economic geography.

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