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Revista de Economia Contemporânea

Print version ISSN 1415-9848On-line version ISSN 1980-5527

Abstract

BARROS, Daniel da Silva. SCHOOLING AND DISTRIBUTION OF INCOME BETWEEN EMPLOYEES IN THE BRAZILIAN ECONOMY: A COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF THE PUBLIC AND PRIVATE SECTORS OF THE YEARS 2001 AND 2013. Rev. econ. contemp. [online]. 2017, vol.21, n.3, e172135.  Epub Apr 05, 2018. ISSN 1980-5527.  https://doi.org/10.1590/198055272135.

The objective of this study is to analyze the influence of education on income distribution among employees in the public and private sectors in the Brazilian economy in 2001 and 2013. The methodology used is the decomposition of the Gini Index, both sources of income as by groups of work activities. We use the Stata software as a tool for processing the micro data released by the National Sample Survey of Households - PNAD / IBGE. It appears that between 2001 and 2013 there was a reduction in inequality of income distribution in the economy, the Gini index fell from 0.571 to 0.506. An increase in the concentration ratio in the civil service revenue, which is a regressive parcel; and there was a decrease in the concentration ratio of the income of employees in the private sector, which is a portion of progressive income. It is detected, too, that women have more years of schooling than men, on average 1.3 years longer. However, women's average income is 22.0% lower than the average male income; this difference was more pronounced in 2001, both years of study as in revenue.

Keywords : inequality; private sector; public workers; income employees.

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