SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.23 issue3HOW EMPLOYMENT SHAPES INCOME INEQUALITY: A COMPARISON BETWEEN BRAZIL AND THE U.S.THE DEBATE ON THE ACCELERATOR EFFECT IN THE CONTROVERSY ABOUT THE SRAFFIAN SUPERMULTIPLIER MODEL author indexsubject indexarticles search
Home Pagealphabetic serial listing  

Services on Demand

Journal

Article

Indicators

Related links

Share


Revista de Economia Contemporânea

Print version ISSN 1415-9848On-line version ISSN 1980-5527

Abstract

DALTO, Fabiano Abranches Silva. BRAZILIAN FINANCIAL CRISIS IN THE 1980S: HISTORICAL PRECEDENT OF AN ECONOMY GOVERNED BY FINANCIAL INTERESTS. Rev. econ. contemp. [online]. 2019, vol.23, n.3, e192332.  Epub Nov 25, 2019. ISSN 1980-5527.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/198055272332.

Beyond representing coordination or government failures, the Brazilian financial crisis in the 1980s characterized the dominance of financial interests on public policies. This paper shows that such dominance began with the external debt negotiations in 1982, which put international creditors’ interest first. It argues that the imposed external adjustment - specially the exchange rates devaluation, public investment cuts and the hike in real interest rates - generated recession and financial instability (notoriously inflation), which would threat depreciating private wealth. Therefore, both the external adjustment and the private wealth protection only turned possible due to the increasing public deficits and debts - including by transferences of debt from private to public sector. The dominant perspective, found in the literature on the period, blaming government deficits and debts for the financial instability of the 1980s is wrong. Economists, even heterodox ones, still believe that Brazil’s financial crisis in the 1980s resulted from budget deficits and public debts. This paper shows, contrary to the dominant view, that once the public sector had to allow private wealth adjustment to the external conditions imposed by foreign creditors, public deficits were the only possible outcome in that conditions.

Keywords : external debt negotiations; financial instability; net transfer; budget deficits; public debts; financial interests.

        · abstract in Portuguese     · text in English     · English ( pdf )