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Revista CEFAC

Print version ISSN 1516-1846On-line version ISSN 1982-0216

Abstract

BACHA, Stella Maris Cortez et al. School performance of rural area students in urban school. Rev. CEFAC [online]. 2006, vol.8, n.4, pp.429-440. ISSN 1982-0216.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1516-18462006000400004.

PURPOSE: to analyze and compare grades in bulletins of students who lived in rural area and in urban area, with both kinds studying in the same urban schools. METHODS: we analyzed the grades in the first semester of 2005 of 641 student in the basic education of the urban public schools of Terenos / MS, being 81.1% residents in urban area and 18.9% in rural area. The students were compared according to their performances in the discipline of Portuguese, Mathematics, Sciences, Physical Education, Geography, History and Artistic Education, considering the place of residence (urban/rural), period of study (day / night), type of school (municipal/state) and gender. RESULTS: no significant difference was found in the performances of the students from series 1 to 4, in none of the disciplines. From series 5 to 8 we found a slightly better performance in the students who lived in the urban area, measured by t-Student test. However, if upon jointly analyzing all the variable, none of them was preponderant in explaining the performance of the student, measured by multiple lineal regression. CONCLUSION: no significant differences were found in the school performance between students in the urban and rural area.

Keywords : Education; Learning; Underachievement; Rural Population.

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