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Revista CEFAC

Print version ISSN 1516-1846On-line version ISSN 1982-0216

Abstract

AURELIO, Nilvia Herondina Soares et al. Sentence recognition thresholds in silence in free field versus pure tone thresholds in individuals with hearing loss. Rev. CEFAC [online]. 2008, vol.10, n.3, pp.378-384. ISSN 1982-0216.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-18462008000300013.

PURPOSE: to investigate the existent correlation among pure tone thresholds and Sentence Recognition Thresholds in Silence (TRSS) and to check if it is possible, through the audiogram, to set up a prognostic of the patients about their communication ability. METHODS: 42 individuals with moderate cochlear hearing loss, 18 females and 24 males, 41 to 76-year old were studied. Firstly, a basic audiologic evaluation was carried out, then a search of TRSS in free field, through the Portuguese Sentence List Test (PSLT) (Costa, 1998). RESULTS: The statistical analysis showed significant correlation between the sentence recognition thresholds in silence and the average of frequencies of 0.5, 1 and 2 kHz. However, when correlating with the average frequencies of 3, 4 e 6 kHz, there was no significant correlation. CONCLUSION: the probable prognostic concerning the ability for recognizing sentences in silence can be carried through just with the frequency thresholds of 0.5, 1 and 2 kHz in cochlear hearing loss.

Keywords : Audiology; Hearing; Auditory Perception; Speech Discrimination Tests; Audiometry; Pure-Tone.

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