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Revista CEFAC

versão On-line ISSN 1982-0216

Resumo

SANTOS, Bianca Paixão; ANDRADE, Maria Jéssica Cunha; SILVA, Rafaelle Oliveira  e  MENEZES, Edênia da Cunha. Dysphagia in the elderly in long-stay institutions - a systematic literature review. Rev. CEFAC [online]. 2018, vol.20, n.1, pp.123-130. ISSN 1982-0216.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1982-021620182013817.

The objective of this study was to verify in the literature, through a systematic review, the dietary conditions of the elderly in long-stay institutions, seeking to observe the general care and agents that potentiate dysphagia, in order to review aspects of dysphagia and deglutition risk indicators in the elderly. A survey, regarding the articles published from 2009 on, with the descriptors "elderly, long-stay institution and dysphagia", in Portuguese and English, on Scielo, PubMed and Lilacs, was performed, totaling 423 articles in the initial search, from which, 13 that were in agreement with the inclusion criteria adopted were chosen, 2 being repeated in more than one research source. At the end, 11 articles were included for analysis and discussion. It was observed that most the long-stay institutions do not have adequate structure to treat the elderly in a multidisciplinary approach. In all those studies, the negligence with the elderly’s oral hygiene, which potentiates the development of pulmonary infections in cases of aspiration, was evidenced. The association between dementia, food dependency and increase in feeding time was also observed in the literature, as well as the association of medication use with the interference in food dynamics. In addition, many studies have shown that, although the Stomatognathic System structures are altered due to the aging process, the elderly have the functions of speech, chewing and swallowing adapted, without greater damage to their general health. It can be concluded that long-stay institutions do not offer adequate staff to care for the elderly to reduce the risks for dysphagia.

Palavras-chave : Homes for the Aged; Aged; Deglutition Disorders.

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