SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.39 número3Superwellness Program: a cognitive-behavioral therapy-based group intervention to reduce weight gain in patients treated with antipsychotic drugsTBARS and BDNF levels in newborns exposed to crack/cocaine during pregnancy: a comparative study índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados

Journal

Artigo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

Compartilhar


Brazilian Journal of Psychiatry

versão impressa ISSN 1516-4446versão On-line ISSN 1809-452X

Resumo

BARRETO CARVALHO, Célia; DA MOTTA, Carolina; SOUSA, Marina  e  CABRAL, Joana. Biting myself so I don’t bite the dust: prevalence and predictors of deliberate self-harm and suicide ideation in Azorean youths. Rev. Bras. Psiquiatr. [online]. 2017, vol.39, n.3, pp.252-262.  Epub 30-Mar-2017. ISSN 1809-452X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1516-4446-2016-1923.

Objective:

To characterize non-suicidal self-injury (NSSI) behaviors, methods, and functions as well as suicide ideation in the adolescent population of a Portuguese community in São Miguel Island, Azores. Increasing rates of NSSI behaviors among adolescents have been observed globally, while suicidal behavior has been pointed as a major cause of death during adolescence.

Methods:

A sample of 1,763 adolescents, aged 14 to 22, was randomly drawn from public and private schools and administered a set of self-report questionnaires. Descriptive and regression analyses were used to look for specific relationships and predictors of NSSI and suicide ideation in this isolated community.

Results:

Approximately 30% of youths reported at least one NSSI behavior, a rate that is twice as high as most studies carried out in mainland Portugal and in other European countries. Biting oneself was the most frequent form of NSSI, and NSSI behaviors served predominantly automatic reinforcement purposes (i.e., regulation of disruptive emotional states). NSSI and suicide ideation encompassed different distal and proximal risk factors.

Conclusions:

Exploring and characterizing these phenomena is necessary to provide a better understanding, enhance current conceptualizations, and guide the development of more effective prevention and intervention strategies in youths.

Palavras-chave : Non-suicidal self-injury; suicide ideation; adolescence; risk-behaviors; impulsivity.

        · texto em Inglês     · Inglês ( pdf )