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Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology

Print version ISSN 1516-8913

Abstract

STOLF, Renata et al. Morpho-anatomical and micromorphometrical evaluations in soybean genotypes during water stress. Braz. arch. biol. technol. [online]. 2009, vol.52, n.6, pp.1321-1331. ISSN 1516-8913.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-89132009000600002.

In a greenhouse experiment, morpho-anatomical and micromorphometrical analyses of two soybean cultivars, MG/BR46 (Conquista) and BR16-tolerant and sensitive to drought, respectively-were used to study their water-deficit-tolerance strategies. Drought treatments were applied at reproductive stages from R2 to R7, where evaluations were conducted at 30 days and 45 days after stress started, respectively. The total length of Conquista plants (shoot + root) was greater than of BR16 plants. Pod dry weight was adversely affected due to the lack of moisture, decreasing productivity even of Conquista plants. Both the cultivars had normal development of root hairs; however, it was observed a decrease in the cortex:central cylinder ratio in BR16 stressed for 30 days, and they also showed similar leaflet thickness and stomata distribution. Differences in drought tolerance observed between the two cultivars seemed to be related to factors other than morphological traits since this species has a short lifecycle.

Keywords : Anatomy; leguminous; drought; root.

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