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Brazilian Archives of Biology and Technology

Print version ISSN 1516-8913

Abstract

MOLIN, Rochele Fernanda et al. Assessment of oxidation of leaves of Ilex paraguariensis (St. Hil). Braz. arch. biol. technol. [online]. 2011, vol.54, n.2, pp.337-345. ISSN 1516-8913.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1516-89132011000200016.

This work aimed to study the oxidation of leaves of Ilex paraguariensis St. Hil, in a process similar to the oxidation of Camellia sinensis, with the purpose of developing new products based on yerba maté. So far, no previous systematic study about the oxidation of yerba maté has been found elsewhere. A Plackett-Burman experimental design was used for the screening of the significant parameters that affected the oxidation. The oxidation was indirectly quantified by following the changes in the product color, water activity, and pH with the time of processing. The factors that most influenced the process were the age of the leaves and the relative humidity of the oxidation chamber. The differences between the treatments were more evident after 3, 6 12 and 24 h of oxidation. The results could contribute to the developing of new products based on I. paraguariensis St. Hil, increasing the profitability of cultivation of this native species.

Keywords : physicochemical parameters; yerba maté; leave; extract; experimental design.

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