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Revista Brasileira de Engenharia Biomédica

versión ISSN 1517-3151


DALVI-GARCIA, Felipe; SOUZA, Marcio Nogueira de  y  PINO, Alexandre Visintainer. Image reconstruction algorithm for a multiterminal-based Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) system. Rev. Bras. Eng. Bioméd. [online]. 2013, vol.29, n.2, pp.133-143. ISSN 1517-3151.

INTRODUCTION: Electrical Impedance Tomography (EIT) is a low cost, non-invasive, portable and free of ionizing radiation method for imaging the distribution of the electric properties of biological tissues. Despite the low resolution of the reconstructed images when compared with other tomographic techniques, there is a range of clinical applications in which the EIT has been used to monitor the activity of certain body tissues. Most of commercial EIT systems are based on the original paradigm defined as a multiport configuration. This paper presents an algorithm developed to reconstruct images for an alternative multiterminal-based EIT system. METHODS: The algorithm is based on the association between the tomographic plane of the conductor volume and an analogous electrostatic system. To evaluate the algorithm, EIT images were reconstructed using data obtained experimentally in a saline solution tank, which were quantified by some metrics established for this purpose. RESULTS: Quantitatively, EIT images reconstructed by the proposed algorithm presented a position error around ±10%, resolution and shape deformation decreasing from center to the edge, and ringing around 60% of the medium. CONCLUSION: Taking into account that no filtering was used in the algorithm, the results can be considered satisfactory and encourage future works aiming further improvement.

Palabras clave : Electrical Impedance Tomography; Bioimpedance; Multiterminal-based system.

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