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Revista Brasileira de Saúde Materno Infantil

Print version ISSN 1519-3829On-line version ISSN 1806-9304


SANTOS-MONTEIRO, Jailma; GUEDES, Rubem Carlos de Araújo; CASTRO, Raul Manhães de  and  CABRAL FILHO, José Eulálio. Psychosocial stimulation and brain plasticity in malnourished individuals. Rev. Bras. Saude Mater. Infant. [online]. 2002, vol.2, n.1, pp.15-22. ISSN 1806-9304.

Evidences from studies in animal models and human beings are reviewed, showing the benefits produced by programed sensorial and psychosocial stimulation on neuro-behavioral functions of early malnourished individuals. It is emphasized that brain plasticity might play a fundamental role in this process. It is showed also that recent electrophysiological experiments - by using the cortical spreading depression technique - as well as observational studies in children indicate that brain regions may have a differential participation in the recovering of the brain and behavioral functions damaged by malnutrition. A new health care approach, taking into account that regional differences for treatment of children suffering early malnutrition, is suggested.

Keywords : Nutrition disorders; Neuronal plasticity; Environmental enrichment.

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