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vol.36 número2Diversidade e estrutura de comunidade de vespas sociais (Hymenoptera: Vespidae) em três ecossistemas da Ilha de Itaparica, BA índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Neotropical Entomology

versão impressa ISSN 1519-566Xversão On-line ISSN 1678-8052

Resumo

DOLINSKI, Claudia  e  LACEY, Lawrence A.. Microbial control of arthropod pests of tropical tree fruits. Neotrop. Entomol. [online]. 2007, vol.36, n.2, pp.161-179. ISSN 1678-8052.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1519-566X2007000200001.

A multitude of insects and mites attack fruit crops throughout the tropics. The traditional method for controlling most of these pests is the application of chemical pesticides. Growing concern on the negative environmental effects has encouraged the development of alternatives. Inundatively and inoculatively applied microbial control agents (virus, bacteria, fungi, and entomopathogenic nematodes) have been developed as alternative control methods of a wide variety of arthropods including tropical fruit pests. The majority of the research and applications in tropical fruit agroecosystems has been conducted in citrus, banana, coconut, and mango. Successful microbial control initiatives of citrus pests and mites have been reported. Microbial control of arthropod pests of banana includes banana weevil, Cosmopolites sordidus Germar (Coleoptera: Curculionidae) (with EPNs and fungi) among others Oryctes rhinoceros (L.) is one of the most important pests of coconut and one of the most successful uses of non-occluded virus for classical biological control. Key pests of mango that have been controlled with microbial control agents include fruit flies (Diptera: Tephritidae) (with EPNs and fungi), and other pests. Also successful is the microbial control of arthropod pests of guava, papaya and pineapple. The challenge towards a broader application of entomopathogens is the development of successful combinations of entomopathogens, predators, and parasitoids along with other interventions to produce effective and sustainable pest management.

Palavras-chave : Bacteria; virus; fungus; nematode.

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