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Revista Brasileira de Saúde e Produção Animal

On-line version ISSN 1519-9940

Abstract

AMARAL, Rosimira dos Santos et al. Trends, phenotypic and genetic parameters for growth traits in cattle Nellore polled Northeast brazilian. Rev. bras. saúde prod. anim. [online]. 2014, vol.15, n.2, pp.261-271. ISSN 1519-9940.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1519-99402014000200003.

This study aimed to estimate parameters and evaluate the phenotypic and genetic trend adjusted weights at 205, 365 and 550 days of age in Nellore cattle variety Polled born from 1980 belonging to herds located in Northeastern Brazil. Genealogical records of 45,785 animals born between 1960 and 2009 were used. The parameters and breeding values were estimated by restricted maximum likelihood derivative free (REML) under the animal model using computational application MTDFREML. Phenotypic and genetic trends of growth traits were estimated by linear regression of breeding value on year of birth of the animal. The direct heritability coefficient of adjusted weights at the three ages were 0.19 ± 0.02 (P205), 0.24 ± 0.03 (P365) and 0.18 ± 0.03 (P550), indicating that there is potential for gains for selecting these weights. Maternal heritability of P205 was equal to 0.12 ± 0.02. The direct genetic trend was equal to 0.016, 0.043 and 0.041kg / year to P205, P365 and P550, respectively, while the phenotype was 1.34, 2.10 and 2.84kg / year for these characteristics in the same sequence, thus showing how the phenotypic gains were higher than genotypic, possibly favored by better management of the herds. The monitoring of parameters and phenotypic and genetic trends of growth development in Nellore variety Polled in the Northeast, is presented as an important procedure to guide the development of management strategies with the potential to increase genetic gains consistently.

Keywords : genetic gain; heritability; zebus.

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