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Revista Brasileira de Saúde e Produção Animal

On-line version ISSN 1519-9940


TEIXEIRA NETO, Milton Rezende et al. Multivariate analysis of phenotypic diversity in Santa Ines sheep. Rev. bras. saúde prod. anim. [online]. 2015, vol.16, n.4, pp.784-795. ISSN 1519-9940.

This study aimed at evaluating the phenotypic diversity of Saint Ines sheep strains. Twelve body measurements were carried out in 502 adult females, descendants from 34 reproducers belonging 15 strains of Santa Ines breed, registered at association of creators: anterior height, posterior height, legs height, chest height, thoracic circumference, shin circumference, body length, neck length, ear length, face length , chamer length and face width. The data were submitted to the canonic variable analysis and cluster analysis by means of the method Unweighted Pair-Group Method Using Arithmetic Averages. The first three canonical variables explained 81.01% of the total variation. Strains 1, 10 and 11 were the most homogeneous, whereas strains 3, 6, 9, 12 and 15 presented large intra-population variability. Strains 11 and 15 presented the longer distance (Mahalanobis). The cluster analysis showed the formation of three groups. The five body measurements with higher relative importance (thoracic circumference, shin circumference, face length, neck length, and chamfer length), jointly considered, accounted for 76.89% of the phenotypic diversity between the lineages. The strains of Santa Ines sheep present high phenotypic diversity, and the characteristics related to production and racial characterization are similarly important in the differentiation between the strains.

Keywords : body measurements; Mahalanobis distance; multivariate analysis; wooless sheep.

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