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Biota Neotropica

Print version ISSN 1678-6424On-line version ISSN 1676-0611

Abstract

PONTES, Andress P.; SOUZA, Rocheli de; GRANADA, Camille E.  and  PASSAGLIA, Luciane M.P.. Screening of plant growth promoting bacteria associated with barley plants (Hordeum vulgare L.) cultivated in South Brazil. Biota Neotrop. [online]. 2015, vol.15, n.2, e20140105.  Epub June 19, 2015. ISSN 1676-0611.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1676-06032015010514.

The occurrence of associations between bacteria and plant roots may be beneficial, neutral or detrimental. Plant growth promoting (PGP) bacteria form a heterogeneous group of beneficial microorganisms that can be found in the rhizosphere, the root surfaces or in association with host plant. The aim of this study was to isolate and characterize PGP bacteria associated to barley plants (Hordeum vulgare L.) aiming a future application as agricultural inoculant. One hundred and sixty bacterial strains were isolated from roots or rhizospheric soil of barley based on their growth in nitrogen-free selective media. They were evaluated for their ability to produce indolic compounds (ICs) and siderophores, and to solubilize tricalcium phosphate inin vitro assays. Most of them (74%) were able to synthesize ICs in the presence of the precursor L-tryptophan, while 57% of the isolates produced siderophores in Fe-limited liquid medium, and 17% were able to solubilize tricalcium phosphate. Thirty-two isolates possessing different PGP characteristics were identified by partial sequencing of their 16S rRNA gene. Strains belonging to Cedecea andMicrobacterium genera promoted the growth of barley plants in insoluble phosphate conditions, indicating that these bacteria could be used as bioinoculants contributing to decrease the amount of fertilizers applied in barley crops.

Keywords : bacterial 16S rRNA gene; inoculant; barley; phosphate solubilization.

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