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Jornal Vascular Brasileiro

Print version ISSN 1677-5449On-line version ISSN 1677-7301

Abstract

GOES JUNIOR, Adenauer Marinho de Oliveira et al. Thoracic and abdominal aneurysms as incidental findings. J. vasc. bras. [online]. 2016, vol.15, n.2, pp.106-112. ISSN 1677-7301.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1677-5449.007616.

Background

Abdominal aortic aneurysms (AAAs) are the most common. The annual incidence of AAA rupture is eight cases per 100,000 inhabitants. Incidental detection can benefit patients if diameter is monitored and the correct treatment provided.

Objectives

To estimate the prevalence of incidental diagnosis of thoracic aortic aneurysm (TAA) and AAA by computed tomography (CT); to determine prevalence by age and sex of patients and determine which arteries are involved and the morphological characteristics of the aneurysms; to determine the indications for CT most associated with incidental diagnosis of aneurysms.

Methods

This was a descriptive, retrospective and randomized study. Inclusion criteria: patients over 50 years of age examined with CT of the thorax, abdomen or pelvis. Exclusion criteria: follow-up or diagnostic suspicion of aneurysms. Data collection instruments containing questions covering demographic and anatomic data were used.

Results

A sample of 1,202 radiology reports was reviewed. A total of 27 aneurysms were detected (prevalence of 2.2%). Patients: 60% were male and 40% were female (p < 0.05). Sites: there were 13 cases (48.2%) in the ascending aorta (TAA); 7 (25.9%) in the infrarenal aorta (AAA); 2 (7.4%) at the thoracoabdominal transition of the aorta (TTA); 2 (7.4%) in the common iliac artery ; 1 (3.7%) in the internal iliac artery; 1 (3.7%) in the splenic artery; and 1 (3.7%) in the renal artery.

Conclusions

The majority of patients were male (60%); TAA was the most common type (mean diameter: 4.1 cm), followed by AAA (mean diameter: 4.0 cm) and ATA (mean diameter: 3.9 cm). The most common indication for the CT examination that led to incidental diagnosis of an aneurysm was respiratory symptoms.

Keywords : aneurysm; pathological dilation; ectasia; incidental findings.

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