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Scientiae Studia

versión impresa ISSN 1678-3166versión On-line ISSN 2316-8994

Resumen

FERREIRA, Mariana TOLEDO. Trajectories and division of labor in a laboratory of human genetics. Sci. stud. [online]. 2015, vol.13, n.4, pp.899-927. ISSN 2316-8994.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1678-31662015000400008.

The article discusses the division of scientific labour among senior and junior researchers in a Brazilian research center for human and medical genetics. Starting with the contemporary debate on the progressive intertwining of science and technology - with progressive fusion of both, evoking notions such as technoscience - it is possible to verify, in this specific subarea, rising speed in data production that pressure scientists in different manners: through the rising cost of technological innovations and through the necessity for more complex methods of analysis. In this context I analyze issues concerning the specialization of scientific work, the separation between conception and execution as well as correlate changes in the formation of new researchers. The theoretical-methodological pressupposition is that scientific activity cannot be treated in a homogeneous way, and that there exist distinct configurations according to the disciplinary space, the institucional organization and local scientific tradition, understood as a historically rooted and socially and culturally contingent undertaking.

Palabras clave : Division of scientific labor; Scientific training; Laboratory studies; Human genetics; Medical genetics; Technoscience.

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