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Journal of Applied Oral Science

Print version ISSN 1678-7757On-line version ISSN 1678-7765


ESPIR, Camila Galletti et al. Solubility and bacterial sealing ability of MTA and root-end filling materials. J. Appl. Oral Sci. [online]. 2016, vol.24, n.2, pp.121-125. ISSN 1678-7765.


To evaluate solubility and sealing ability of Mineral Trioxide Aggregate (MTA) and root-end filling materials.

Material and Methods

The materials evaluated were: MTA, Calcium Silicate Cement with zirconium oxide (CSC/ZrO2), and zinc oxide/eugenol (ZOE). Solubility test was performed according to ANSI/ADA. The difference between initial and final mass of the materials was analyzed after immersion in distilled water for 7 and 30 days. Retrograde cavities in human teeth with single straight root canal were performed by using ultrasonic tip CVD 9.5107-8. The cavities were filled with the evaluated materials to evaluate sealing ability using the bacterial leakage test with Enterococcus faecalis. Bacterial leakage was evaluated every 24 hours for six weeks observing the turbidity of Brain Heart infusion (BHI) medium in contact with root apex. Data were submitted to ANOVA followed by Tukey tests (solubility), and Kruskal-Wallis and Dunn tests (sealing ability) at a 5% significance level.


For the 7-day period, ZOE presented highest solubility when compared with the other groups (p<0.05). For the 30-day period, no difference was observed among the materials. Lower bacterial leakage was observed for MTA and CSC/ZrO2, and both presented better results than ZOE (p<0.05).


MTA and CSC/ZrO2 presented better bacterial sealing capacity, which may be related to lower initial solubility observed for these materials in relation to ZOE.

Keywords : Endodontics; Calcium silicate; Retrograde obturation; Solubility; Dental leakage.

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