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Einstein (São Paulo)

Print version ISSN 1679-4508On-line version ISSN 2317-6385

Abstract

DUTRA, Valeria de Freitas et al. Allele and haplotype frequencies of human platelet and leukocyte antigens in platelet donors. Einstein (São Paulo) [online]. 2019, vol.17, n.1, eAO4477.  Epub Feb 07, 2019. ISSN 2317-6385.  https://doi.org/10.31744/einstein_journal/2019ao4477.

Objective

To described the allele and haplotype frequencies of human leukocyte antigen genes at the -A, -B loci and human platelet antigen genes for human platelet antigen systems 1 to 9, 11 and 15 in blood.

Methods

We included 867 healthy unrelated volunteer donors who donated platelets between January 2011 and December 2014. Microarray genotyping was performed using a BeadChip microarray. Medium resolution typing of the human leukocyte antigen at loci A and B was carried out using sequence-specific oligonucleotide probe hybridization. We used multivariate analysis and our human leukocyte antigen population was compared to data from the United States national bone marrow donor program. Human platelet antigen results were compared to a literature review and data from around the world.

Results

Our human leukocyte antigen haplotype results were more similar to those of hispanics, followed by caucasians. Likewise, our human platelet antigen sample is more similar to those of Argentina, Rio Grande do Sul and Italy.

Conclusion

This was the first article that discusses human platelet antigen and human leukocyte antigen data together. Rare genotypes or antibody associations can make patient management difficult. A blood bank with genotyped donors allows for optimal transfusion and can contribute to better results. Our information can serve as basis for a database of platelet antigen polymorphisms.

Keywords : Human platelet antigen; Platelet refractoriness; Gene frequency; Human leukocyte antigen; Platelet transfusion.

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