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Neotropical Ichthyology

Print version ISSN 1679-6225On-line version ISSN 1982-0224


COGNATO, Diego de Paula  and  FIALHO, Clarice Bernhardt. Reproductive biology of a population of Gymnotus aff.carapo (Teleostei: Gymnotidae) from southern Brazil. Neotrop. ichthyol. [online]. 2006, vol.4, n.3, pp.339-348. ISSN 1982-0224.

The reproductive period and its relation with somatic and abiotic factors, the relative and absolute fecundity, spawning type, length of first maturation and sex ratio is describe for Gymnotus aff.carapo from a small lake at Itapuã State Park, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazil. Gymnotus aff. carapo presents a relatively long reproductive cycle extending from November/2003 to March/2004. Decreases in water conductivity and increases in dissolved oxygen are correlated with increased gonadal development in males. In females, seasonal increases in temperature and photoperiod and decreases in dissolved oxygen are correlated with increased gonadal development. The mean absolute fecundity was 915.3 oocytes, and mean relative fecundity 0.20 oocytes/mg body weight. Egg size distributions indicate multiple spawning. The size of first maturation was 141 mm in females and 146 mm in males. The sex ratio was 1:1, with a male bias only in smaller size classes.

Keywords : Gymnotiformes; Eletric fishes; Reproduction; Neotropical.

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