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Brazilian Journal of Oceanography

Print version ISSN 1679-8759On-line version ISSN 1982-436X

Abstract

MARONE, Eduardo; MACHADO, Eunice C.; LOPES, Rubens M.  and  SILVA, Eduardo Teixeira da. Land-ocean fluxes in the Paranaguá Bay estuarine system, southern Brazil. Braz. j. oceanogr. [online]. 2005, vol.53, n.3-4, pp.169-181. ISSN 1982-436X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1679-87592005000200007.

A worldwide modeling effort has been proposed by the LOICZ (Land-Ocean Interactions in the Coastal Zone) Program to foster the acquisition of intercomparable data on land-ocean fluxes in estuaries and continental shelf ecosystems from all continental margins. As part of the South American component of this initiative, we present flux estimates of water, salt, dissolved inorganic phosphorus (DIP), dissolved inorganic nitrogen (DIN) and plankton for the estuarine system of Paranaguá Bay, southern Brazil, based on the LOICZ modeling approach and local data obtained during the 1990's. This system is strongly influenced by a seasonal meteorological cycle, represented by the rainy/summer and dry/winter periods. Semi-diurnal tides of up to the 2.7-m range are responsible for the short time-scale dynamics. The model indicated a potential water export to the adjacent coast of up to 7 x 106 m3 d-1 in the dry season, and 28 x 106 m3 d-1 during the rainy season. The system exhibits seasonal and spatial variations in DIP and DIN fluxes. "DIP amounted to +2.3 x 106 mol P yr-1 and "DIN to -2.7 x 106 mol N yr-1, suggesting that net production of phosphate and consumption of inorganic nitrogen predominate throughout in the system. Fluxes and therefore export of DIN and eespecially of DIP are higher in the rainy season. Stoichiometric estimates based on the C:N:P ratios of the reacting particulate organic matter (mangrove and plankton detritus) suggest that net denitrification predominates all over the bay, with values between -24.3 and -10.6 x 106 mol N year-1. Estimated seaward outflows had little effect upon the fate of the phyto- and zooplankton biomass in different sectors of the bay. This is exemplified by the low net export of algal production from the upper to the middle sectors of the estuary.

Keywords : Mass balance; DIN and DIP budgets; Plankton dynamics; Paranaguá Bay; Brazil.

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