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Brazilian Journal of Oceanography

Print version ISSN 1679-8759On-line version ISSN 1982-436X

Abstract

NASSAR, Cristina Aparecida Gomes  and  YONESHIGUE-VALENTIN, Yocie. Iron ore particles on four seaweed species from Camburi Beach (Espírito Santo state, Brazil). Braz. j. oceanogr. [online]. 2006, vol.54, n.2-3, pp.155-159. ISSN 1982-436X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1679-87592006000200006.

The present study estimated the iron-ore concentration found on four species of seaweed. The species tested grow on a site heavily contaminated by this ore, in the city of Vitória, state of Espírito Santo, Brazil. Under natural conditions, the iron ore reached a temperature 5.0ºC higher than the sand on a sunny day. All the species had iron ore adhered to their fronds. Udotea cyathiformis was the species with the highest iron-ore concentration varing from 0.07 to 0.90 g wet weight, followed by Lobophora variegata (from 0.07 to 0.62 g wet weight), Padina gymnospora (from 0.08 to 0.55 g wet weight) and Ulva fasciata (from 0.05 to 0.25 g wet weight). Even after four changes of water over a 12-hour period, the fronds still had particles adhered to their outside cell wall. All the species showed similar tendencies to release the iron, with the highest percentage of particles (40 to 60%) released in the first change of water.

Keywords : Macroalgae; Iron ore; Camburi Beach.

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