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Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia

On-line version ISSN 1806-3756


FISCHER, Juliana de Saldanha da Gama et al. Effect of perillyl alcohol on gene expression of human pulmonary adenocarcinoma cells. J. bras. pneumol. [online]. 2005, vol.31, n.6, pp.511-515. ISSN 1806-3756.

OBJECTIVE: To study the effect of perillyl alcohol on the gene expression of human pulmonary adenocarcinoma cells. METHODS: Pulmonary adenocarcinoma cells were incubated with perillyl alcohol in dilutions ranging from 0.03% to 0.0003% for 48 hours. Alterations were observed in the cell morphology, and cell viability was quantified using [3-(4,5-dimethylthiazol-2-yl)-2,5-diphenyltetrazolium bromide] assays. Protein synthesis of samples previously targeted with S35 was analyzed using electrophoresis on a polyacrylamide gel. Expression of the proteins p53 and p44/42 was determined using the Western blot method. RESULTS: After 48 hours of incubation, greater nsumbers of morphological alterations were observed in cells treated with the 0.03% perillyl alcohol dilution than in those treated with perillyl alcohol diluted to 0.003% or further. Treatment with perillyl alcohol dilutions of 0.03%, 0.003% and 0.0003% inhibited cellular viability by 60.17% (p < 0.001), 15.62% (p < 0.001) and 11.53% (p < 0.05), respectively. The results show that 28-kDa, 42-kDa and 110-kDa proteins were induced. No statistically significant effect on p53 expression was observed. In comparison with the expression of a-tubulin, the 0.003% perillyl alcohol dilution induced an increase in p42 phosphorylation and a marked decrease in p44 phosphorylation. CONCLUSION: The results suggest that there are other, previously undescribed, metabolic pathways for perillyl alcohol effects in human pulmonary adenocarcinoma cells.

Keywords : Adenocarcinoma; Lung neoplasms; Monoterpenes; Cell culture; Lung [cytology].

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