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Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia

On-line version ISSN 1806-3756

Abstract

YAMAGUTI, Wellington Pereira dos Santos et al. Diaphragmatic dysfunction and mortality in patients with COPD. J. bras. pneumol. [online]. 2009, vol.35, n.12, pp.1174-1181. ISSN 1806-3756.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1806-37132009001200003.

OBJECTIVE: To determine whether COPD patients with diaphragmatic dysfunction present higher risk of mortality than do those without such dysfunction. METHODS: We evaluated pulmonary function, diaphragm mobility and quality of life, as well as determining the Body mass index, airway Obstruction, Dyspnea, and Exercise capacity (BODE) index, in 42 COPD patients. The patients were allocated to two groups according to the degree to which diaphragm mobility was impaired: low mobility (LM; mobility < 33.99 mm); and high mobility (HM; mobility > 34.00 mm). The BODE index and the quality of life were quantified in both groups. All patients were followed up prospectively for up to 48 months in order to determine the number of deaths resulting from respiratory complications due to COPD. RESULTS: Of the 42 patients evaluated, 20 were allocated to the LM group, and 22 were allocated to the HM group. There were no significant differences between the groups regarding age, lung hyperinflation or quality of life. However, BODE index values were higher in the LM group than in the HM group (p = 0.01). During the 48-month follow-up period, there were four deaths within the population studied, and all of those deaths occurred in the LM group (15.79%; p = 0.02). CONCLUSIONS: These findings suggest that COPD patients with diaphragmatic dysfunction, characterized by low diaphragm mobility, have a higher risk of death than do those without such dysfunction.

Keywords : Pulmonary disease, chronic obstructive [mortality]; Diaphragm; Exercise tolerance; Quality of life.

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