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Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia

On-line version ISSN 1806-3756

Abstract

DESALU, Olufemi Olumuyiwa et al. Knowledge of and practices related to smoking cessation among physicians in Nigeria. J. bras. pneumol. [online]. 2009, vol.35, n.12, pp.1198-1203. ISSN 1806-3756.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1806-37132009001200006.

OBJECTIVE: To evaluate the knowledge and practices of smoking cessation among physicians in Nigeria. METHODS: We conducted a cross-sectional survey in Lagos and three geopolitical zones of Nigeria. A self-administered structured questionnaire was used to obtain information on tobacco use and its health effects, as well as on the knowledge and practices of smoking cessation, from 436 physicians. RESULTS: Of the 436 physicians, 292 (67.0%) were aware of smoking cessation, but only 132 (30.3%) showed good knowledge on this topic. The prevalence of smoking among the physicians was 17.7%. In addition, 308 physicians (70.6%) reported that tobacco education in the medical school curriculum was inadequate. Of the 436 physicians, 372 (86.2%) asked their patients whether they smoked, and 172 (39.4%) asked their patients the reasons for using tobacco. As a means of smoking cessation intervention, 268 (61.5%) used brief advice/counseling (2-5 min), 12 (3.7%) prescribed antidepressants, 16 (2.8%) prescribed nicotine replacement therapy (NRT), and 76 (17.4%) arranged follow-up visits. When the physicians were questioned regarding the obstacles to smoking cessation interventions, 289 (66.3%) cited poor knowledge of the issue, 55 (12.6%) cited a lack of time, and 20 (4.6%) cited unavailability of NRT. CONCLUSIONS: The results of this study highlight the lack of knowledge among physicians in Nigeria in terms of smoking cessation, as well as their failure to apply appropriate practices. The results of this study can further the evaluation and formulation of guidelines on smoking cessation and smoking education programs for physicians. Our findings also underscore the need to offer smoking cessation programs in all treatment facilities.

Keywords : Smoking cessation; Tobacco; Physicians; Nigeria; Health knowledge, attitudes, practice.

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