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Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia

Print version ISSN 1806-3713

Abstract

STANZANI, Fabiana et al. Morbidity, mortality, and categorization of the risk of perioperative complications in lung cancer patients. J. bras. pneumol. [online]. 2014, vol.40, n.1, pp.21-29. ISSN 1806-3713.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/S1806-37132014000100004.

OBJECTIVE:

To determine morbidity and mortality rates by risk category in accordance with the American College of Chest Physicians guidelines, to determine what role pulmonary function tests play in this categorization process, and to identify risk factors for perioperative complications (PCs).

METHODS:

This was a historical cohort study based on preoperative and postoperative data collected for cases of lung cancer diagnosed or suspected between 2001 and 2010.

RESULTS:

Of the 239 patients evaluated, only 13 (5.4%) were classified as being at high risk of PCs. Predicted postoperative FEV1 (FEV1ppo) was sufficient to define the risk level in 156 patients (65.3%); however, cardiopulmonary exercise testing (CPET) was necessary for identifying those at high risk. Lung resection was performed in 145 patients. Overall morbidity and mortality rates were similar to those reported in other studies. However, morbidity and mortality rates for patients at an acceptable risk of PCs were 31.6% and 4.3%, respectively, whereas those for patients at high risk were 83.3% and 33.3%. Advanced age, COPD, lobe resection, and lower FEV1ppo were correlated with PCs.

CONCLUSIONS:

Although spirometry was sufficient for risk assessment in the majority of the population studied, CPET played a key role in the identification of high-risk patients, among whom the mortality rate was seven times higher than was that observed for those at an acceptable risk of PCs. The risk factors related to PCs coincided with those reported in previous studies.

Keywords : Algorithms; Lung neoplasms; Postoperative complications.

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