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Jornal Brasileiro de Pneumologia

Print version ISSN 1806-3713On-line version ISSN 1806-3756


LAPAS, Verônica Sobral Camara; FARIA, Anamelia Costa; RUFINO, Rogério Lopes  and  COSTA, Cláudia Henrique da. Translation and cultural adaptation of the Sleep Apnea Clinical Score for use in Brazil. J. bras. pneumol. [online]. 2020, vol.46, n.5, e20190230.  Epub July 17, 2020. ISSN 1806-3756.


To translate the Sleep Apnea Clinical Score (SACS) into Brazilian Portuguese and adapt it to the cultural setting, validating it for use as a screening method for polysomnography and as a tool to quantify the risk of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome in individuals in Brazil.


The translation was performed by two professionals, with subsequent synthesis of the translations. From that version, a back-translation was prepared, revised, and compared with the original by a team of experts. As a pre-test, a consensus version was applied in 20 patients randomly selected from among those under treatment at outpatient clinics at the Piquet Carneiro Polyclinic of the State University of Rio de Janeiro, in the city of Rio de Janeiro, to assess their understanding of the questions. In the validation phase, the Brazilian-Portuguese version of the SACS was applied in 86 patients who subsequently underwent polysomnography, regardless of the SACS result.


The analyses of the pre-test phase showed that the SACS was easily understood by the patients. In the validation phase, the SACS showed a sensitivity of 45.3% (95% CI: 32.8-58.2%), a specificity of 90.9% (95% CI: 70.8-98.9%), a positive predictive value of 93.5% (95% CI: 79.0-98.2%), a negative predictive value of 36.4% (95% CI: 30.6-42.5%), and an accuracy of 57.0% (95% CI: 45.8-67.6%).


The Brazilian-Portuguese version of the SACS can be used in order to assess the risk of obstructive sleep apnea syndrome.

Keywords : Sleep apnea, obstructive; Polysomnography; Surveys and questionnaires; Translations.

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