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Brazilian Oral Research

Print version ISSN 1806-8324On-line version ISSN 1807-3107

Abstract

GONCALVES, Lucio de Souza; FERREIRA, Sônia Maria Soares; SOUZA, Celso Oliveira  and  COLOMBO, Ana Paula Vieira. Influence of IL-1 gene polymorphism on the periodontal microbiota of HIV-infected Brazilian individuals. Braz. oral res. [online]. 2009, vol.23, n.4, pp.452-459. ISSN 1807-3107.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1806-83242009000400016.

This study investigated the association of IL-1A (+4845) and IL-1B (+3954) gene polymorphism with the subgingival microbiota and periodontal status of HIV-infected Brazilian individuals on highly active antiretroviral therapy (HAART). One hundred and five subjects were included in the study, distributed into 2 HIV groups [29 chronic periodontitis (CP+) and 30 periodontally healthy (H+)]; and 2 non-HIV groups (29 CP- and 17 H- patients). IL-1A and B were genotyped by PCR and restriction enzyme digestion. Thirty-three bacterial species were detected by checkerboard. Overall, we observed a prevalence of the allele 2 in the IL1-A and IL-1B polymorphism at 30.5% and 25.7%, respectively. Only 11.4% of all patients were composite genotype-positive, and 75% of those were HIV-infected. No significant associations between polymorphism of the IL-1 gene and periodontitis or HIV infection were observed. Likewise, no significant differences in the frequency and counts of any bacterial species were found between individuals with and without allele 2 (IL-1A or IL-1B). The data indicated that the IL-1 gene polymorphism is neither associated with periodontal destruction nor with high levels of subgingival species, including putative periodontal pathogens in HIV Brazilian individuals on HAART.

Keywords : Periodontitis; HIV; Interleukin-1; Genetic polymorphism; Microbiology.

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