SciELO - Scientific Electronic Library Online

 
vol.28 número1Severity of temporomandibular disorders in women: validity and reliability of the Fonseca Anamnestic IndexPrevalence of C-shaped root canal in a Brazilian subpopulation: a cone-beam computed tomography analysis índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
Home Pagelista alfabética de periódicos  

Serviços Personalizados

Journal

Artigo

Indicadores

Links relacionados

Compartilhar


Brazilian Oral Research

versão impressa ISSN 1806-8324versão On-line ISSN 1807-3107

Resumo

SOUSA, Raulison Vieira de et al. Malocclusion and socioeconomic indicators in primary dentition. Braz. oral res. [online]. 2014, vol.28, n.1, pp.54-60.  Epub 02-Dez-2013. ISSN 1807-3107.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1806-83242013005000032.

The aim of the present study was to determine the prevalence of malocclusion and associations with socioeconomic indicators among preschoolers. A cross-sectional study was conducted with 732 children 3 to 5 years of age in the city of Campina Grande, Brazil. Three dentists underwent a calibration exercise (K = 0.85-0.90) and diagnosed malocclusion based on the criteria proposed by Foster & Hamilton and Grabowski et al. Parents/guardians answered a questionnaire addressing sociodemographic aspects. Data analysis involved descriptive statistics and bivariate Poisson regression (PR; α = 5%). The prevalence of malocclusion was 62.4%. The most frequent types were increased overjet (42.6%), anterior open bite (21%) and deep overbite (19.3%). An association was found between malocclusion and age: the prevalence of malocclusion was greater among younger children, with the highest prevalence among 3-year-olds (PR = 1.116; 95%CI = 1.049-1.187). The prevalence of malocclusion was high. Mother's schooling and household income were not associated with malocclusion. Socioeconomic factors were also not associated with the occurrence of malocclusion.

Palavras-chave : Malocclusion; Socioeconomic Factors; Income; Child; Overbite.

        · texto em Inglês     · Inglês ( pdf )