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Clinics

Print version ISSN 1807-5932On-line version ISSN 1980-5322

Abstract

KIM, Yu Ree et al. Stroke risk among patients with chronic obstructive pulmonary disease: A systematic review and meta-analysis. Clinics [online]. 2018, vol.73, e177.  Epub May 03, 2018. ISSN 1980-5322.  http://dx.doi.org/10.6061/clinics/2018/e177.

Increased stroke risk among chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients has not yet been established. In this study, we conducted a systematic review and meta-analysis to assess stroke risk among chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients. PubMed, EMBASE, and the Cochrane Library were systematically searched from database inception until December 31, 2016 to identify longitudinal observational studies that investigated the association between chronic obstructive pulmonary disease and stroke. Stroke risk was quantified by overall and subgroup analyses, and a pooled hazard ratio was calculated. Study quality was evaluated using the Newcastle-Ottawa Scale. Publication bias was assessed using Begg’s rank correlation test. Eight studies met the inclusion criteria. In a random-effects model, significantly increased stroke risk was observed among chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients (hazard ratio, 1.30; 95% confidence interval, 1.18-1.43). In subgroup analyses stratified by stroke subtype, study quality, and adjustment by socioeconomic status, the association between increased stroke risk and chronic obstructive pulmonary disease patients was robust. Statistically significant publication bias was not detected. In summary, chronic obstructive pulmonary disease was found to be associated with increased stroke risk. Additional prospective studies are required to elucidate the mechanisms underlying the increase in stroke risk and identify effective preventive interventions.

Keywords : Cerebrovascular Disease; Chronic Obstructive Pulmonary Disease; Meta-Analysis; Stroke.

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