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Acta Scientiarum. Agronomy

versão On-line ISSN 1807-8621

Resumo

MARTIN, Thomas Newton et al. Modified crop model estimation of depleted and potential soybean yield. Acta Sci., Agron. [online]. 2012, vol.34, n.4, pp.369-378. ISSN 1807-8621.  https://doi.org/10.4025/actasciagron.v34i4.15274.

Despite the great importance of soybeans in Brazil, there have been few applications of soybean crop modeling on Brazilian conditions. Thus, the objective of this study was to use modified crop models to estimate the depleted and potential soybean crop yield in Brazil. The climatic variable data used in the modified simulation of the soybean crop models were temperature, insolation and rainfall. The data set was taken from 33 counties (28 Sao Paulo state counties, and 5 counties from other states that neighbor São Paulo). Among the models, modifications in the estimation of the leaf area of the soybean crop, which includes corrections for the temperature, shading, senescence, CO2, and biomass partition were proposed; also, the methods of input for the model's simulation of the climatic variables were reconsidered. The depleted yields were estimated through a water balance, from which the depletion coefficient was estimated. It can be concluded that the adaptation soybean growth crop model might be used to predict the results of the depleted and potential yield of soybeans, and it can also be used to indicate better locations and periods of tillage.

Palavras-chave : leaf area index; water balance; crop model; Glycine max.

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