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Arquivos do Instituto Biológico

On-line version ISSN 1808-1657

Abstract

AZAMBUJA, Rosalia  and  DEGRANDE, Paulo Eduardo. Thirty years of cotton boll weevil in Brazil. Arq. Inst. Biol. [online]. 2014, vol.81, n.4, pp.377-410.  Epub Nov 28, 2014. ISSN 1808-1657.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/1808-1657000012013.

This paper is a literature review that covers 30 years of occurrence of the boll weevil, Anthonomus grandisBoheman, 1843 (Coleoptera: Curculionidae), in Brazil. The boll weevil is considered one of the most destructive pests in the agricultural system; the damage that it causes and the difficulties of its control in cotton is enormous. Originally from Mexico, this insect was first found in Brazil in 1983 and two seasons after the detection it was widespread in major cotton producing areas where it remains until today. When boll weevil is not controlled, it can completely destroy the economic cotton production; the losses range can vary from 3 to 75% of the expected productivity. The main damage caused by the boll weevil in cotton is promoted in the reproductive structures of the plant during feeding and oviposition of adult insects; the flower buds are preferentially attacked by the insect. The period of the weevil attack on cotton plants begins around 30 days after emergence, but it starts at the vegetative period; damage occurs at the flowering and fruiting period and reaches the maturation phase. During these periods several methods can be adopted aiming its control. To control A. grandis in Brazil the following methods are cited: behavioral control, cultural control, host plant resistance, biological control (predators, parasitoids, and pathogens), natural products, legislative control and integrated pest management, and program initiatives for suppression of the insect population. Chemical control is not discussed in this article.

Keywords : Anthonomus grandis; Gossypium hirsutum; damage; occurrence; control.

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