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Coluna/Columna

Print version ISSN 1808-1851On-line version ISSN 2177-014X

Abstract

VIALLE, Emiliano; HERRERA, Luis; VIALLE, Luiz Roberto  and  GOMES, Luis. FREE-HAND PLACEMENT OF C7 PEDICLE SCREWS: A CADAVERIC STUDY. Coluna/Columna [online]. 2015, vol.14, n.4, pp.308-311. ISSN 2177-014X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/S1808-185120151404152743.

Objective

: To evaluate the accuracy of free-hand pedicle screws placement at the seventh cervical vertebra.

Methods

: The authors have exposed the cervicothoracic junction of 9 adult cadavers (7 male and 2 female) preserved in formalin from the Faculty of Medicine of the Universidad Andina Néstor Cáceres Velásquez, city of Juliaca, Puno - Peru, locating the C7 vertebra based on anatomical parameters. According to previous publications, the entry point for the C7 pedicle was determined as 3-4mm lateral and 5-6mm superior to the center of the lateral mass, and the pedicle was drilled manually and instrumented with 3.5mm screws. After the screws placement, the C7 vertebrae were removed for radiographic analysis.

Results

: The authors were able to adequately locate the C7 entry point in 12 pedicles (66.6% accuracy), finding a great variability both laterally (2-5mm) and cranially (3-10mm). The angulation in the coronal plane was correct in 13 pedicles (72.3%), despite the incorrect location of the entry point. Angle values in the coronal plane ranged from 38 to 62 degrees. In the sagittal plane angulation, 2 screws were placed in the C6-C7 disc. The midtransversal diameter of the 18 pedicles ranged from 4 to 7mm.

Conclusions

: The location of the entry point for placement of C7 pedicle screws with pure free-hand technique is very variable due to anatomical differences and the authors recommend some type of guidance for increased safety and accuracy.

Keywords : Pedicle screws; Cervical vertebrae; Orthopedic procedures.

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