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vol.16 issue1EFFECTIVENESS OF AN INTERDISCIPLINARY PROGRAM IN PATIENTS WITH FAILED BACK SURGERY SYNDROMERELIABILITY OF THE AO CLASSIFICATION OF THORACOLUMBAR FRACTURES COMPARED TO TLICS AND MAGERL author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Coluna/Columna

Print version ISSN 1808-1851On-line version ISSN 2177-014X

Abstract

NASCIMENTO, TOBIAS LUDWIG DO et al. THORACOLUMBAR SPINAL ARTHRODESIS - EPIDEMIOLOGY AND COSTS. Coluna/Columna [online]. 2017, vol.16, n.1, pp.52-55. ISSN 2177-014X.  https://doi.org/10.1590/s1808-185120171601162774.

Objective:

To describe the epidemiology of patients with thoracolumbar spine fracture submitted to surgery at Hospital Cristo Redentor and the related costs.

Methods:

Prospective epidemiological study between July 2014 and August 2015 of patients with thoracolumbar spine fracture with indication of surgery. The variables analyzed were sex, age, cost of hospitalization, fractured levels, levels of arthrodesis, surgical site infection, UTI or BCP, spinal cord injury, etiology, length of stay, procedure time, and visual analog scale (VAS) .

Results:

Thirty-two patients were evaluated in the study period, with a mean age of 38.68 years. Male-female ratio was 4:1 and the most frequent causes were fall from height (46.87%) and traffic accidents (46.87%). The thoracolumbar transition was the most affected (40.62%), with L1 vertebra involved in 23.8% of the time. Neurological deficit was present in 40.62% of patients. Hospital stay had a median of 14 days and patients with neurological deficit were hospitalized for a longer period (p<0.001), with an increase in hospital costs (p= 0.015). The average cost of hospitalization was U$2,874.80. The presence of BCP increased the cost of hospitalization, and patients with spinal cord injury had more BCP (p= 0.014) .

Conclusion:

Public policies with an emphasis on reducing traffic accidents and falls can help reduce the incidence of these injuries and studies focusing on hospital costs and rehabilitation need to be conducted in Brazil to determinate the burden of spinal trauma and spinal cord injury.

Keywords : Spine; Spinal fractures; Spinal injuries.

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