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vol.17 issue1COMPARATIVE ANALYSIS OF TWO CLASSIFICATION SYSTEMS OF THORACOLUMBAR SPINE FRACTURESSENSITIVITY AND SPECIFICITY OF "MINI BRAIN" IMAGE PATTERN TO DIAGNOSE MULTIPLE MYELOMA AND PLASMACYTOMA author indexsubject indexarticles search
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Coluna/Columna

Print version ISSN 1808-1851On-line version ISSN 2177-014X

Abstract

ARAUJO, ALEX OLIVEIRA DE et al. PROFILE OF SPINAL CORD TRAUMA VICTIMS TREATED AT A REFERENCE UNIT IN SÃO PAULO. Coluna/Columna [online]. 2018, vol.17, n.1, pp.39-41. ISSN 2177-014X.  http://dx.doi.org/10.1590/s1808-185120181701178599.

Introduction:

Spinal cord trauma (SCT) is an important cause of morbidity and mortality around the world. It affects different age groups, especially young adults who are victims of high-energy trauma. The most effective way to reduce the incidence of spinal cord trauma and its consequences is through preventive campaigns and control and surveillance measures through public agencies. The objective of this study is to outline the epidemiological profile of patients with spinal cord trauma attended at a tertiary care center in the city of São Paulo.

Methods:

Retrospective, cross-sectional study performed at a reference center for the care of patients with spinal cord injury in the State of São Paulo. Data were collected from the medical records of patients with spinal cord trauma between 2012 and 2016.

Results:

Of the 515 patients with spinal trauma, 153 (29.7%) had spinal cord injury of which 131 (85.62%) were male, and 22 (14.37%) were female, in a ratio of approximately 6:1. The mean age was 39.45 years. The main cause of spinal cord trauma observed was the fall from heights, with 72 cases (47.05%), and 52.94% were classified as Frankel A.

Conclusions:

The results showed that the majority of the patients were young, economically active, with low educational level, exposed to accidents that could be largely avoided. Most of these patients also had severe disabling injuries, which usually bring considerable psychological sequelae and economic consequences to the individual and to society. Level of evidence: IV. Type of study: Case series.

Keywords : Spinal cord; Spinal injuries; Traumatic myelopathy.

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