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Brazilian Journal of Otorhinolaryngology

Print version ISSN 1808-8694

Abstract

LIMA, Leonardo Santos et al. Prevalence of depressive symptoms in patients with cleft lip and palate. Braz. j. otorhinolaryngol. [online]. 2015, vol.81, n.2, pp.177-183. ISSN 1808-8694.  https://doi.org/10.1016/j.bjorl.2015.01.004.

INTRODUCTION:

Cleft lip and/or palate (CL/P) represent the most common congenital anomalies of the face.

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the prevalence of depressive symptoms in children and adolescents with nonsyndromic cleft lip and/or palate (nsCL/P).

METHODS:

We conducted an observational, case-control study, with a case study group composed of 61 patients with nsCL/P, aged 7-17 years, and a control group of 61clinically normal patients. Both groups were selected at the same institution.

RESULTS:

Depressive symptoms were observed in the case group (nsCL/P), but there were no statistically significant differences compared to the control group. No association was found between the two groups (case and control) in relation to sociodemographic variables: gender, age and education.

CONCLUSIONS:

This study identified the prevalence of depressive symptoms in children and adolescents with nsCL/P from a localized geographic population, although the results were not statistically significant when compared to the control group, not justifying the use of CDI (Child Depression Inventory) as a screening instrument for depressive symptoms in the examined population.

Keywords : Cleft lip; Cleft palate; Depression; Child; Adolescent.

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