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Revista Brasileira de Geriatria e Gerontologia

Print version ISSN 1809-9823On-line version ISSN 1981-2256

Abstract

FOCCHESATTO, Andréia; ROCKETT, Fernanda Camboim  and  PERRY, Ingrid D. Schweigert. Risk and protective factors for the development of chronic diseases in a rural elderly population in Rio Grande do Sul. Rev. bras. geriatr. gerontol. [online]. 2015, vol.18, n.4, pp.779-795. ISSN 1981-2256.  https://doi.org/10.1590/1809-9823.2015.14150.

Objective

: to verify risk and protective factors for the development of chronic diseases among elderly persons living in the rural area of Linha Senador Ramiro, in Nova Bassano, Rio Grande do Sul.

Methods:

a cross-sectional censitary-based study was conducted of 70 male and female subjects aged 60 years or over. The subjects were interviewed through a questionnaire and anthropometrically evaluated (weight, height and waist circumference (WC)). The risk factors considered were: smoking, excess weight, intake of saturated fat, physical inactivity and excessive alcohol consumption. The protective factors were: physical activity during leisure time, consumption of fruits and vegetables, and cancer prevention.

Results:

the population was composed of 70 elderly persons,

with a mean age of 70.4 ± 7.8 years. A total of 65.7% of the sample were women,

57.1%

considered their health "normal", 72.3% said they were not sedentary and, among women, 78.3 and 47.8% performed mammography and Pap screening, respectively. The prevalence of excess weight was 55.9% and 76.5% of individuals were at increased risk of cardiovascular and metabolic diseases, according to waist circumference. Hypertension was the most prevalent chronic disease (64.3%). The prevalence of daily consumption of vegetables and fruit was 85.7% and 68.6%, respectively; wine, 54.3%, pork fat and queijo colonial (a local cheese) 75.7%, respectively, and homemade bread 87.1%. A total of 7.1% of the population said they smoked.

Conclusions:

the risk factors identified were high intake of saturated fat, excess weight and a high waist circumference. The protective factors were regular consumption of fruit and vegetables, low rates of physical inactivity and smoking, regular and moderate consumption of wine and preventive examinations. Further studies can assess the true association of these factors with the occurrence of cardiovascular and cerebrovascular events.

Keywords : Chronic Disease; Health of the Elderly; Risk Factors; Rural Population; Food Consumption.

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