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vol.24 número2AVALIAÇÃO DE ADESIVOS À BASE DE TANINOS DE Pinus caribaea var. bahamensis E DE Acacia mearnsii NA FABRICAÇÃO DE PAINÉIS AGLOMERADOSCONTRIBUIÇÃO DOS POLEIROS ARTIFICIAIS NA DISPERSÃO DE SEMENTES E SUA APLICAÇÃO NA RESTAURAÇÃO FLORESTAL índice de autoresíndice de assuntospesquisa de artigos
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Ciência Florestal

versão impressa ISSN 0103-9954versão On-line ISSN 1980-5098

Resumo

BARBOSA, Lucas Cândido et al. EVALUATION OF WOOD WASTE OF ONE SAWMILL TO KRAFT PULP PRODUCTION. Ciênc. Florest. [online]. 2014, vol.24, n.2, pp.491-500. ISSN 1980-5098.  https://doi.org/10.5902/1980509814589.

The forest-based industries have low yield and generate large amounts of waste, especially the primary processing industries, such as sawmills. In Brazil, initiatives are being created to combine the use of sawmill residues to pulp production. With this in mind, this study aimed to evaluate the performance of a medium-sized sawmill in the city of Rio Grande, in Rio Grande do Sul state, and to promote physical and chemical analysis of waste wood generated in the sawing process. It was used 20 logs of Pinus elliottii, divided into two diameter classes. The residues, except the sawdust, collected for analysis were disposed in the courtyard of the company in the form of chips. The following physical and chemical properties of the chips were examined: density, extractives content soluble in acetone, acetyl groups, soluble and insoluble lignin on acid (Klason lignin), uronic groups and carbohydrates. Comparing the results of the wood properties to the ones found in literature, it was evaluated the quantity and quality of waste that can be used as feedstock for the production of kraft pulp. As the main results there was a slight increase of sawing yields in the larger diameters logs compared to the smaller diameters. From the physical and chemical analyses, it was obtained the following results: density of 0.402 g / cm ³, cellulose content of 43.67% and 24.37% for hemicellulose, klason lignin of 26.75% and 3,80% for extractives content. As conclusion, the low sawing yield can be associated to the lack of a classification diametric and appropriate diagrams sections, resulting in a greater loss in the form of waste. Regarding the chemical and physical composition of the sawmill residues, the results were within the standards of quality wood used for kraft pulp of softwood material, presenting some advantages over younger woods commonly used in industry.

Palavras-chave : Pinus elliottii; sawmill residues; kraft cellulose.

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