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Ciência Florestal

versão impressa ISSN 0103-9954versão On-line ISSN 1980-5098


DIAS, Henrique Machado; SOARES, Mario Luiz Gomes  e  NEFFA, Elza. Forest species of coastal plain as potential tools for coastal management and social technology in Caravelas, Bahia (Brazil). Ciênc. Florest. [online]. 2014, vol.24, n.3, pp.727-740. ISSN 1980-5098.

In Caravelas, located in southern Bahia state, the main vegetation formations are the mangrove forests and 'restingas' (sandbanks) presenting, the latter, a high degree of degradation. The aim of this paper is to describe the main forest species of these 'restingas' and their direct uses associated with the recovery and management of degraded areas and creation of jobs and income, making thus an important tool for integrated coastal zone. For this, elaborate floral listings and field visits were necessary for recognizing the environment. In the selection of species, a literature about the use, management and value of each species were used, and from there, four species with potential for generating jobs and income along of this proposal were recognized: Mangaba (Hancornia speciosa), Pitanga (Eugenia uniflora), Mangaba (Anacardium occidentale) and Aroeira (Schinus terebinthifolius). The first three are associated with the use of its fruit food, serving these 'aroeiras' as pepper trees, with a high value on the world market, and cashew, because of its fertile structure. The identification of products provided sustainable use of species and environment and the Non-Timber Forest Products can be strategic in coastal management, making it an instrument to subsidize social inclusion through the creation of jobs and income, under the movement of Social Technology, contributing to reduce the social vulnerability of traditional coastal communities.

Palavras-chave : vulnerability; local development; non-timber forest products; social inclusion.

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